Table of Contents


A (Very) Short History of the Space and Communication Activities of Hughes Aircraft Company–Steve Dorfman

How It All Began—Jack Fisher

GM-H Stock Certificate


GM and Systems Engineering—Jack Fisher

Hughes Aircraft History 1932-1986

Space & Communications Group Formed by HAC


An Historic Trip to China–Norm Weinhouse

The Hughes Astronauts–Jack Fisher

       Clarke, Man Who Fulfilled Prophecy, Meet at HAC

Wheelon Named Vice President of Engineering

Don Williams and Einstein

Dick Parfitt—Jack Fisher

Stoolman Leaves Behind 36-Year Legacy

Richardson Names Carlson, Roney, Visher to New Posts

SCG’s Tom Hudspeth Celebrates the Common Sense of Inventing


Hughes Launch Log 1963-2000–Jack Fisher


Commercial Satellite Communications Project-22 October 1959

Commercial Communication Satellite-January 1960

The SYNCOM Story–Harold Rosen


How a satellite called Syncom changed the world–Ralph Vartabedian LA Times

HAC Builds Commercial Communication Satellite


The Syncom III Mission and Spacecraft

Simplicity of Design to Make Launching Of First Syncom Possible by Late 1962

Space Communications: It All Started 20 Years Ago This Month

Pioneer Venus

       Lessons From the Pioneer Venus Program—Steve Dorfman

       Pioneer Venus Photographs

      “Probe” is an export; diamond duty saved

      Pioneer Venus teams race deadline

      Pioneer Venus people happy with success

     HAC Bids for Venus Probe Work

     I Remember Pioneer Venus—Do You?–Andy Ott

     The Magnetic Pioneer Venus Orbiter—Jack Fisher

     Configuration Management—Jack Fisher

     Pioneer Venus Mission Operations Support.—Jack Fisher



     The Galileo Probe–Jack Fisher

     SCG hosts Jupiter probe progress review

     Galileo Probe Model Takes the Plunge


       TACSAT–Dick Brandes


     Leasat Beginnings and Significance-Boris Subbotin

     The Leasat Story-Andy Ott

     The Leasat Rescue Mission–Steve Dorfman

     Hughes Strikes Back—Chris Cutroneo

     LEASAT F5, The Final Chapter-Andy Ott


     AsiaSat 1–Joel Nelson

     Beyond GEO–Rex Ridenoure

     AsiaSat Rescue: The Real Story, Part 1–Jerry Salvatore

     AsiaSat Rescue:  The Real Story, Part 2–Mark Skidmore


Beginnings:  The Study, Proposal, and Program Initiation–Jack Fisher

The Surveyor Proposal Team

The Atlas-Centaur Story–Jack Fisher

Fly Me to the Moon: The Surveyor Mission and Mission Design–Jack Fisher

Part II: Free Flight Trajectory Design–Jack Fisher

PART III Midcourse Guidance–Jack Fisher

Success:  The Surveyor Missions–Jack Fisher

The Surveyor V Odyssey

Legacy and Lessons Learned–Jack Fisher

Test Craft Makes Soft Landing

The Surveyor Lunar Orbiter–Jack Fisher

Surveyor Day–Monday December 14, 1964

Sears Cites Surveyor Contributions—Bob Sears

Surveyor Model Makes Successful Radar–Controlled Soft Landing

Apollo 12 Streaks Homeward With Pieces of Surveyor III for Analysis

Surveyor, Not Yet Ready To Fly, Learning to Land

Surveyor Terminal Descent—Fred Hummel

The Story of Surveyor I—Jack Fisher

The Surveyor Mockup—Jack Fisher

Surveyor Final Report—Jack Fisher

Surveyor I and the American Flag–Jack Fisher

A Surveyor Confession–Harlan Knudson

Surveyor Software and Flight Operations—John Gans

Surveyor Flight Path Analysis and Command (FPAC)–John Gans

Intelsat VI

SCG Selected for Intelsat VI Contract Negotiations

       Wheelon Meets the Press to Discuss Largest Comsat Program

Historic Intelsat VI contract product of personal performance

Intelsat VI F-3 Recovery

The I-VI Reboost Program—Joan Tarro

The Success of Intelsat VI F-3 Reboost Mission–Chuck Rubin

Intelsat IV-A 

Customers Opt for HAC Satellites


HS 393A: New Domsat A-Building at SCG

Task Team’s Efforts Save The Day For JCSAT Launch By Nick Brown—SCG Journal January 1990


Retrievals of Westar VI and Palapa B-2

Russian Contract Calls for HSC To Build BONUM-1

SBS–S&CG captures $63 million contract for business satellites

Australia picks Hughes satellites

Team effort’ key to Aussat win

 The HS376 Program–Dick Brandes

Ariane sends SBS-5 for IBM unit into orbit


Space Systems Establishes Program Office for NASA Solar Satellite Competition

HAC to Build Solar Orbiter

OSO-8 turns out great

OSO will allow scientists to check into sun’s corona

Intelsat V

Intelsat V–SCG continues foreign participation

Intelsat V designs offer high reliability, low risk

Intelsat IV

Hughes Wins $72 Million Contract for the Intelsat IV

Intelsat II

Hughes Wins New Satellite Contract

Early Bird

A Part of History

Early Bird Ready For April Launch


$40 Million Contract Won by S&CG for Trio of Maritime Satellites


The Magellan Mission


New satellite design to meet high-power needs

Reagan okays China launch of U.S. satellite


Go-Ahead To Build More Weather Satellites

SCG in line to build GOES satellite




Applications Technology Satellite ProgramATS Spin Scan Pictures–Bob Farmer


Evolution of the Indonesian National Communications Satellite System—Will Turk


Westar Drifting Into Orbit Above Equator

Hundreds Are Involved in Westar Story

Hughes Enters the Space Business 1960-1979–Will Turk & Jack Fisher

1. Space System Division 1961-1968–Will Turk and Jack Fisher

2. Space Exploration Opportunities 1965-1975–Will Turk and Jack Fisher

3. NASA Systems Division Campaigns, 1975-1979—Will Turk

Mars Observer—Jack Fisher


Slicing the Bologna and Other Comsat Design Initiatives–Dick (CR) Johnson

On the Gyrostat Road–John Neer

Summary of Aeronautical Satellite Development–Roland Boucher

The Williams Patent Litigation–Ralph Vartabedian LA Times

Group’s Propelling Idea To Boost Satellites

Spin Stabilization

HAC Receives Basic Patent On Spin-Stabilized Satellites

Hughes System Makes Giant, Improved Satellites Possible

The Magellan Mission

New nickel-hydrogen battery to give spacecraft longer life

Sunraycer—The GM Solar-Powered Car

Williams patent trial enters final phase


Pre-Syncom Communications Satellite Studies

Body Stabilized ComSat Developments Dick “CR” Johnson and Will Turk

Section 10-Intelsat—Compendium of Satellite Communications Programs NASA X-751-73-178 June 1973


The Enduring “SMART” Satellite Manual–Jim Thompson

SATELCO: A Joint Venture of Hughes and NEC into the INTELSAT Ground Station Business—Joe Freitag

Morelos uses new design

The DirecTV Story – Space Segment – Andy Ott

 In Memoriam

Remembering Mal Meredith–Jack Fisher

Albert (Bud) Wheelon–Ralph Vartabedian Los Angeles Times

Death Ends Work Of Satellite Star Donald Williams

Allen E. Puckett dies at 94–Ralph Vartabedian Los Angeles Times

Hughes Workers Mourn Astronaut They Knew as One of Their Own Michele Norris Los Angeles Times

Space Industry Goes Into ‘State of Shock’ |Los Angeles Times  Ralph Vartabedian and Michael A. Hiltzik

Slipping the Surly Bonds of Earth—Andy Ott

Clinton Lew

Bud Franklin

John Buterbaugh, Rest In Peace—Andy Ott

Harold Rosen, creator of satellite that helped reshape life in Southern California, dies at 90. Ralph Vartabedian, Los Angeles Times.

Roger William Clapp-Los Angeles Times

Roger Clapp Eulogy—Tony Iorillo


FCC Opens Door to New Domestic Satellites

FCC Reduced Spacing Decree

FCC Okays Transponder Sales

Hughes Galaxy Licensed by FCC for DBS

2 thoughts on “Table of Contents

  1. A great start; great project and a great beginning for those of us who were there in the 60’s and 70’s. Got there in ’66 and had the great experience working with Harold, Tony, Al Owens, Roger Clapp and so many more great people.
    Documented some of the amazing work Don Williams did for Hal and Syncom; brilliant and a sad ending there.

    Then there was the GYROSTAT andTony (with John Thomas and Bernie Burns). TacSAT(308), HS318, 312 and others–fuels slosh testing, nutation stability, flat spin recover….–what a kick all that was!.
    Great experience working on all the INTELSAT IV launches back in DC at COMSAT), then coming out here to the Denver area in the early 70’s and then back to Virginia in ’76 to be on the receiving end of that system and in charge of on site ops. When Tony asked me to join the program in ’72, I thought he and whoever cooked that system up were nuts. He said if you don’t think it can be done, I’ll find someone else. That hooked me with others like Dr. Brackey, Mike Gianelli, and many other “A” students. Collectively amazingly things happened and in 4 years!

    Then there was the Masters Fellowship program; what a gift that was. The ticket out of Ohio and on to new things for Patti and I. Lastly, was the five years attending the special Feynman Malibu Lecture Series ’66-’72. What a lasting experience that was to top off my formal education. Only at Hughes would all of this happens.

    Will look forward to others latching on and contributing; this legacy is truly unique.

    John (aka J.T.Neer 60898, org 40)

    • Jack
      Will do. Did you know Puckett chose Ford over GM and the HHMI gave him that decision authority…until GM floated a $1B note and trumped Ford’s offer by a large enough offer the HHMI had no choice. It was an interesting process to be a part of across the table on the Ford side at the time.
      PS Did we cross paths back in those early days? Where were you?